Ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries in physically active individuals. After a first ankle sprain, many people can go on to develop chronic ankle instability, which leads to recurrent ankle sprains. With each episode, people can experience pain, weakness, reduced range of motion, and even loss of function.

While the structural integrity of the ankle ligaments may be compromised, chronic ankle instability has been shown to affect other things as well. It can lead to a loss of balance, as well as impaired muscle strength and function.

Many prior studies have shown weakness of the ankle muscles in chronic ankle instability, but more recent research also suggests weakness in the muscles around the knee and even the hip.

What does this all mean to us in the physiotherapy setting?

Fortunately, there is good evidence to support exercise to address these issues! There also seems to be no specific intervention that is better than others. Generally, resistance based exercises and balance drills seem to help. Changes can be observable in as little as 4 weeks! Positive changes have been demonstrated in static and dynamic balance, functional performance, and patient-related outcomes.

Therefore, a comprehensive assessment, where we identify and target important deficits relative to you as an individual is important.

This blog was written by physiotherapist Tim Schmidt. To book an appointment with Tim, call 250-314-0788, or book online HERE.